عنوان مقاله [English]
Participatory governance, sometimes called participatory democracy, refers to a form of governance in which citizens and other non-governmental actors have the power to influence and participate in the control and public decision-making processes that affect their lives. have. In traditional systems of representative democracy, citizens often do not have access to information, do not have sufficient opportunities to talk and negotiate meaningfully with public actors, and are excluded from public consultation and decision-making processes. Practices of participatory governance seek to address these "democratic shortcomings" by promoting citizens' information, awareness of rights, participation and influence.
Since the early 1990s, a number of innovations in participatory governance have been introduced around the world, both in "established or stable democracies" and in "emerging democracies." However, the value of participatory governance is now widely accepted both as a means to increase the efficiency of governance and development and as an end in itself, because of the inherent value of citizen participation.
While participatory governance promises potential political, social, and economic benefits, experience has shown that there are significant barriers to achieving inclusive and effective citizen participation. Despite these challenges, participatory governance is a rapidly evolving phenomenon, both in scale and in the coverage of participatory governance initiatives, as well as in the range of practices and approaches developed by civil society and government actors around the world.